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National Reports

Annual "Suspended Education” data and policy report showing the frequency with which students of color and children with disabilities are excluded from schools at the federal, state and district levels.

Research Item Opportunities Suspended: The Disparate Impact of Disciplinary Exclusion from School
The first in an ongoing series of national studies by the Center for Civil Rights Remedies at the Civil Right Project.
Research Item Out of School and Off Track: The Overuse of Suspensions in American Middle and High Schools
In this first of a kind breakdown of data from over 26,000 U.S. middle and high schools, CRP researchers estimate that well over two million students were suspended during the 2009-2010 academic year. This means that one out of every nine secondary school students was suspended at least once during that year. As other studies demonstrate, the vast majority of suspensions are for minor infractions of school rules, such as disrupting class, tardiness, and dress code violations, rather than for serious violent or criminal behavior. serious incidents are rare and result in expulsions, which are not covered by this report.
Research Item Are We Closing the School Discipline Gap?
The main body of this report documents gross disparities in the use of out-of-school suspension experienced by students with disabilities and those from historically disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and gender subgroups. The egregious disparities revealed in the pages that follow transform concerns about educational policy that allows frequent disciplinary removal into a profound matter of civil rights and social justice. This implicates the potentially unlawful denial of educational opportunity and resultant disparate impact on students in numerous districts across the country.
Research Item Charter Schools, Civil Rights and School Discipline: A Comprehensive Review
This report, along with the companion spreadsheet, provides the first comprehensive description ever compiled of charter school discipline. In 2011-12, every one of the nation’s 95,000 public schools was required to report its school discipline data, including charter schools. This analysis, which includes more than 5,250 charter schools, focuses on out-of-school suspension rates at the elementary and secondary levels. The report describes the extent to which suspensions meted out by charter schools for each major racial group and for students with disabilities are excessive or disparate.
Research Item The High Cost Of Harsh Discipline And Its Disparate Impact
This report carefully and conservatively quantifies the costs of suspension in two highly populated states, Florida and California, and for the nation.
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